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Oesophageal Strictures

What are oesophageal strictures? The oesophagus carries food from the mouth to the stomach after swallowing. Strictures are a narrowing of the oesophagus due to the formation of scar tissue. In…

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Coughing – airway investigation

Animals with persistent coughing are candidates for bronchoscopy and airway investigations. A bronchoscopy normally is recommended after imaging of the lungs is performed such as radiographs or a CT scan.…

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Nasopharyngeal Stenosis

How can I tell if my pet has nasopharyngeal stenosis? The clinical signs of nasopharyngeal stenosis (NPS) typically occur shortly after a general anaesthetic and include nasal discharge, increases noise when breathing,…

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Gastrointestinal investigation

If your pet is referred for a gastrointestinal tract (GIT) investigation then we may recommend endoscopy. Endoscopy is an important diagnostic tool in many conditions including vomiting, diarrhoea, weight loss…

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Tracheal Collapse

Tracheal collapse is a progressive weakening of the tracheal cartilage, or “windpipe”, seen most commonly in middle-aged small breed dogs. As the trachea collapses it results in an obstruction to…

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Urinary Cancer

Cancer of the urinary tract can affect the kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra and prostate. The majority of urinary cancer cases present with lower urinary tract signs such as increased frequency…

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Intra-arterial Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy medications can be delivered directly to the blood supply of a tumour allowing a possible increase in the effectiveness of the drugs. What is intra-arterial chemotherapy? Traditional chemotherapy is…

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Ectopic Ureters

What are ectopic ureters? The ureters are tubes that carry urine produced by the kidneys to the bladder. Ectopic ureters are an abnormality whereby dogs and cats are born with…

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Urinary Calculi (Stones)

What are ureteral stones (ureterolithiasis)? Stones which form in the kidneys do not cause a problem unless they block the ureter. The majority of stones which form in both dogs…

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Subcutaneous Ureteral Bypass (SUB)

A subcutaneous ureteral bypass (SUB) device is used to treat obstructed ureters (the ureter is the tube carrying urine produced by the kidneys to the bladder). Ureters most commonly block…

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Fitzpatrick Referrals