Measurement of Ulnar Subtrochlear Sclerosis Using a Percentage Scale in Labrador Retrievers with Minimal Radiographic Signs of Periarticular Osteophytosis

Objective

To report the development of a measurement method for quantifying ulnar subtrochlear sclerosis (STS) in Labrador Retrievers.

Methods

Measurement of STS as a % of the distance between 2 standardized radiographic landmarks (%STS) was developed. Mediolateral radiographic projections of flexed elbows were collected from 2 cohorts termed diseased (n=15; confirmed disease of the medial coronoid process) and control (n=15; free from clinically evident disease). Five observers blindly assessed each radiograph for radiographic technique, elbow positioning, periarticular osteophytosis, and STS, which, if present, was measured and assigned a %STS score. Intraobserver and interobserver variations in measuring STS and the ability to differentiate study cohorts were assessed using receiver operator curve (ROC) characteristics. A P-value of

Results

Median %STS for diseased elbows was 47% (range, 0-74%) and 0% (range, 0-62%) for control elbows. Correlations were not significantly different between each observer's assessments of %STS, with a median Spearman's P-value of .75 (range, .67-.86). All observers differentiated the 2 cohorts with "fair-good" accuracy, with a median ROC value of 0.81 (range, 0.75-0.88).

Clinical relevance

A method for measuring STS allows comparison of Labrador Retrievers of different sizes, is easy to perform, and could be used to investigate the clinical significance of STS in this breed.

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