Rostral skull changes in Cavalier King Charles spaniels with Chiari-like malformation and syringomyelia

Summary

Chiari-like malformation (CM) and secondary syringomyelia (SM) have proven associations to multiple morphological traits of the caudal cranium and cervical spine in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels (CKCS). Since brachycephaly increases risk for disease, this study focused on the morphology of the rostral skull and forebrain and aimed to identify physical features associated to development of CM associated pain (CM-P) and SM with a more severe phenotype.

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