Trans-iliac pin/bolt/screw internal fixation for sacroiliac luxation or separation in cats: six cases

Summary

Trans-iliac pin, bolt or screw stabilisation was performed on six cats with sacroiliac (SI) luxation and separation. For the purpose of this study, SI luxation is defined as the separation of the iliac wing from the sacrum without fracture of the sacral or iliac wing; SI separation is defined as the separation of the iliac wing from the sacrum secondary to fracture of the sacrum and/or the iliac wing. Complications, surgical time and medium-to-long-term outcome were assessed by a retrospective review of the clinical records and owner questionnaires. Postoperative reduction of the SI joint was good-to-excellent in all cases and the outcome was considered good-excellent in all cats apart from one, where the trans-iliac bolt migrated dorsally from the iliac wing. This cat had bilateral SI luxations. Based on our results, trans-iliac fixation of SI luxation/separation is associated with good clinical outcome and should be considered as a treatment option in unilateral SI luxation in cats. Caution should be exercised in the use of trans-iliac pin/bolt as the sole method of stabilisation in bilateral SI luxations.

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