Veterinary Medicine: Dog Diseases/radiography

Management of Humeral and Femoral Fractures in Dogs and Cats With Linear- Circular Hybrid External Skeletal Fixators

Summary Linear-circular hybrid fixators were used to stabilize humeral and femoral fractures in 21 dogs and five cats. Twenty-two of 24 fractures with sufficient follow-up radiographic evaluation obtained union. Time to radiographic union ranged from 25 to 280 days (mean ± standard deviation [SD] 110±69 days; median 98 days). Eleven animals developed minor and two […]

Cartilage gene expression correlates with radiographic severity of canine elbow osteoarthritis

Summary The relationship between radiographic measures of severity of osteoarthritis (OA) and changes in gene expression in joints are not well characterised. In this study, the expression of 11 candidate genes was characterised by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction in normal and OA cartilage and bone from the elbows of dogs with fragmented coronoid […]

Tibial Plateau Leveling and Medial Opening Crescentic Osteotomy for Treatment of Cranial Cruciate Ligament Rupture in Dogs with Tibia Vara

Objective To report clinical application of a tibial plateau leveling and medial opening crescentic osteotomy (TPLMOCO) by a single blade cut to ameliorate lameness in dogs with cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) rupture (CCLR) and concur- rent tibia vara. Study design Case series. Animals Bullmastiff-typedogs(n=4;5stifles). Methods Dogs were evaluated clinically and radiographically and records retro- spectively […]

Measurement of Ulnar Subtrochlear Sclerosis Using a Percentage Scale in Labrador Retrievers with Minimal Radiographic Signs of Periarticular Osteophytosis

Objective To report the development of a measurement method for quantifying ulnar subtrochlear sclerosis (STS) in Labrador Retrievers. Study design Prospective blinded study. Animals Radiographs of Labrador Retrievers elbows (n=30) with minimal radiographic signs of periarticular osteophytosis. Methods Measurement of STS as a % of the distance between 2 standardized radiographic landmarks (%STS) was developed. […]

Radiographic and Arthroscopic Findings in the Elbow Joints of 263 Dogs with Medial Coronoid Disease

Objective To report clinical, radiographic, and arthroscopic findings in dogs with thoracic limb lameness attributed solely to disease of the medial aspect of the coronoid process (MCP) Study design Case series Animals Dogs (n=263) with MCP disease (MCD; 437 elbows) Methods Clinical records (January 2000-July 2006) and radiographs were reviewed and pertinent data recorded. Radiographic […]